Agrivoltaics aims to do just this. Hailing from agriculture (agri) and voltage or electricity (voltaics), agrivoltaics is the coming together of solar energy and agricultural land. The panels built to capture the sun’s energy give shade to the plants and as a result, the plants lose less water due to transpiration. Add to this the fact that the farmers can then use the extra solar energy to either put it back into their farms or sell it for an additional income. It also does a great deal to address India’s current water crisis by not draining the groundwater.
Agrivoltaic projects maximize land use and provide farmers with innovative technologies like Polyhouse, Controlled Atmosphere green houses , Aquaculture to improve agricultural chemical free yields by using the land for both sustainable agriculture and the production of green energy. . It is a rapidly expanding phenomenon that makes it possible to improve the energy yields of a farm and at the same time reduce water consumption.
Photovoltaic greenhouses and agrivoltaic (or agrovoltaic) are simply the integration of photovoltaic panels in agricultural activities. It is a rapidly expanding phenomenon that makes it possible to improve the energy yields of a farm and at the same time reduce water consumption.
Solar greenhouses allow a true symbiosis between the agricultural world and that of renewable sources. At the same time, it is possible to cultivate and use photovoltaic panels to produce clean energy without occupying lands. These are fixed structures, usually made of aluminum or iron, while the walls and the pitched roof are made of transparent glass or polyethylene film that acts as a cover
Inside, a protected environment is created, where flowers, plants and vegetables can be grown.
In greenhouses, temperature and humidity are controlled by means of ventilation, heating and humidification systems. However, these devices require a large amount of energy and fuel to function effectively. To reduce the supply of electricity from external sources and use renewable sources, the installation of solar panels can be an effective solution, which allows providing the energy necessary for climate control in greenhouses.
These structures are perfectly integrated and compatible with agricultural practices (for example with the movement of machinery), and allow farms to become self-sufficient in the production and consumption of electricity.
• Optimum Utilisation of Land – @ 50% Less land required.
• Both projects compliments each other – Symbiotic relationship.
• Optimum Utilisation of Manpower.
• Risk aversion as Land and Water available but power availability not there.
• Water Harvesting.